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Vitreo-retinal fellowship is a Subset of ophthalmology and the graduates learn and are adept at the required skills for diagnosis and treatment of vitreous and retinal diseases in that they can independently and professionally diagnose and treat such diseases, and participate in relevant prevention programs.


1- To train knowledgeable, capable and liable physicians who will provide services in prevention, diagnosis, treatment, education and research of vitreous and retinal diseases, and continuously improve their abilities to improve the community health.

2- To rise the standards in the field of cornea and external eye diseases and to become one of the top ranking in the Middle East for next 10 years to the level of developed countries.

Specific Competencies and Skills

At the end of the program learners will be competent in performing following procedures:

Indirect ophthalmoscopy (Diagnosis of pathologies retinal of periphery)

Knowing the indication and interpreting the results

Posterior segment examination using slit lamp bio-microscopy and lens 78 D lens (Diagnosis of macular disorders)

Fluorescein angiography

ICG angiography


Echography of eye and orbit and especially posterior pole

Electrophysiological tests of the eye

Surgical management of vitreous hemorrhage, endophthalmitis, complications of cataract surgery, RD, vitreo-retinal interface abnormalities


1- Retinal laser photocoagulation in patients with diabetic retinopathy (Macular photocoagulation and pan retinal photocoagulation), Retinal barrier laser around break

2-Indirect laser photocoagulation in patients with retinopathy of prematurity…

3- Photodynamic therapy (PDT) in patients with CSCR or PCV

4- Scleral buckling + subretinal fluid drainage + cryotherapy

5- Parsplana deep vitrectomy (20G, 23G, 25G) in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, tractional retinal detachment, combined RRD and TRD, advanced diabetic retinopathy, endophthalmitis

6- Membrane peeling, IL peeling, (in patients with epiretinal membrane macular hole and PVRC)

7- Gas/fluid exchange, Injection of endotamponade (SF6, C3F8, silicon oil)

8- Endolaser, endodiathermy

9- Pars plana lensectomy

10- Scleral window in patients with exudative RD

11- Vitrectomy with procedures including endolaser or injection of vitreous substitutes

12- Scleral buckling

13- Laser therapy, Pan Retinal Photocoagulation (PRP)

14- Laser therapy, Macular Photocoagulation (MPC)

15- Laser therapy for other vitreous and retinal diseases

16- Vitreous needle biopsy or vitrectomy

Basic Information:
Program Type: Degree Based
Level Of study: Fellowship
School / Faculty: Medicine
Department: Ophthalmology
Major (Name Of Program): Vitreo-Retinal
This program contact information:
Telephone: +98 5137281400
Mobile: +985137285290
Email Address:
Address: Department of Ophthalmology, Khatam-Al-Anbia Ophthalmology Subspecialty Hospital, Shahid Qarani blv., Aboutaleb Square , Mashhad, Iran.
Contact Person Name: Dr. Akbar Derakhshan
Program Detail:
Length of Training:

Duration of this educational course is at least 18 months.

Language Requirement:

Persian / English

Admission Requirement:

Board Certificate in Ophthalmology

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